Syllabus

Level 3 - Yoga Teacher & Evaluator

  1. Name of the Certification: Yoga Teacher and Evaluator (YT&E)
  2. Course level: Level- 3
  3. Requirement/ Eligibility:
    1. For open candidates there is no eligibility criteria
    2. For admission in the course it is suggested/ desired that the candidate should be graduate in any stream from a recognized University or equivalent. However, the Yoga Institutions can define their own eligibility.
  4. Brief Role Description: Master Trainers in Yoga educational Institutions, Yoga training Courses and training programs. He or she can also act as Evaluator and assessor of Yoga professionals. Can teach in studios, Institutions, colleges/ universities/ Institutions of higher Learning.
  5. Minimum age: No age limit
  6. Personal Attributes: The job requires individual to have good communication skills, time management skills and ability to understand the body language of the trainees. The job requires individual to possess key qualities such as self discipline, confidence, maturity, patience, compassion, active listening, time management, empathetic, language proficiency, engaging with students, dedication to teaching, ability to build caring relationships with students, friendliness and approachability, Independent, credible, analytical skills etc.
  7. Credit points for certificate : 46 credits
  8. Duration of course: Not less than 800 hours or not less than 15 month as part time or not less than 9 month as full time course.
  9. Mark Distribution:
    Total Marks: 200 (Theory: 80+Practical – 120)
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Theory

Unit No. Unit name Marks
1 Foundation of Yoga 20
2 Introduction to Yoga Texts 20
3 Yoga  And  Health 20
4 Applied Yoga 20
  Total 80


Practical

S No. Practical Work Marks
1 Demonstration Skills 60
2 Teaching Skills 20
3 Evaluation Skill 20
4 Application of knowledge 10
5 Field Experience 10
  Total 120
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UNIT 1   Foundation of Yoga

  • Etymology and Definitions of Yoga (Patanjala Yoga Sutra, Bhagwad Gita, Kathopanishad).
  • Brief  Introduction  to  origin,  history  and  development  of  Yoga  (Pre-  Vedic  period        to contemporary times).
  • Yoga in Principle Upanishads.
  • Yoga  tradition  in  Jainism:  Syadvada  (theory  of  seven  fold  predictions);  Concept  of Kayotsarga / Preksha meditation).
  • Yoga Tradition in Buddhism:  concept of Aryasatyas (four noble truths).
  • Salient features and branches of Bharatiya Darshana (Astika and Nastika Darshana).
  • General introduction to Shad Darshana with special emphasis on Samkhya, Yoga and Vedanta Darshana.
  • Brief survey of Yoga in Modern and Contemporary Times (Shri Ramakrishna, Shri Aurobindo, Maharishi Raman, Swami Vivekananda, Swami Dayananda Saraswati, Swami Shivananda, Paramhansa Madhavadas ji, Yogacharya Shri T. Krishnamacharya).
  • Guiding principles to be followed by the practioner.
  • Brief Introduction to Schools of Yoga; Jnana, Bhakti, Karma, Raja & Hatha.
  • Principles and Practices of Jnana Yoga.
  • Principles and Practices of Bhakti Yoga.
  • Principles and Practices of Karma Yoga.
  • Concept and Principles of Sukshma Vyayama, Sthula Vyayama, Surya Namaskars and their significance in Yoga Sadhana.
  • Concept and Principles of Shatkarma: Meaning, Types, Principles and their significance in Yoga Sadhana.
  • Concept and Principles of Yogasana: Meaning, definition, types and their significance in Yoga Sadhana.
  • Concept and Principles of Pranayama: Meaning, definition, types and their significance in Yoga Sadhana.
  • Introduction to Bandha & Mudra and their health benefits.
  • Introduction to Yogic relaxation techniques with special reference to Yoga Nidra.
  • Introduction to Dhyana and its role in health and well being. 

UNIT 2     Introduction to Yoga Texts

  • Introduction to Prasthanatrayee, Purushartha Chatushtaya and goal of human life.
  • Yoga  in  Kathopanishad,  Prashanopanishad,  Taittiriyopnishad  with  special  emphasis  on Panchakosha Vivek and Ananda Mimamsa.
  • Concept of Sthitaprajna (stages and characteristics) in Bhagavad Gita.
  • Significance of Bhagavad Gita as a synthesis of Yoga.
  • Concept of healthy living in Bhagavad Gita (Ahara, Vihara, Achara, Vichara).
  • Introduction and highlights of Yoga Vasishtha, Definitions of Yoga and their relevance in Yoga Vasishtha.
  • Study of Patanjal Yoga Sutra including selected sutras from following chapters (I- 1 to 12, II- 1 to 2, 46 to 55, III- 1 to 6).
  • Concept of Chitta, Chitta Bhumi, Chitta Vritti, Chitta Vikshepa, Chittaprasadanam, Klesha and Vivek-Khyati and their relationship with wellness.
  • Concept   of    Ishwara   and   its    relevance     in    Yogasadhana,  qualities   of   Ishwara, Ishwarapranidhana.
  • Concept of Kriya Yoga of Patanjali and its importance for healthy living.
  • Bahiranga Yoga of Maharisi Patanjali (Yama, Niyama, Asana, Pranayama, Pratyahara).
  • Antaranga Yoga of Maharishi Patanjali (Dharana, Dhyana, Samadhi).
  • Concept of mental well-being according to Patanjala Yoga.
  • Hatha Yoga: Its origin, history and development. Hatha Yoga: its meaning, and definition, aim, objectives and misconception about Hatha Yoga.
  • Sadhaka Tattva and Badhaka Tattva principles to be followed by Hatha Yoga practitioner.
  • Concept of Matha, Mitahara, Pathya & Apthaya, Types of Aspirants.
  • Hatha Yoga practices according to different Hatha Yogic Texts (Hatha Pradipika,          Gheranda Samhita and Hatharatnavali).
  • Concept of Shwasa-Prashwasa, Vayu, Prana, Upa-Prana, Shat Chakra etc.
  • Knowledge of Hatha Yoga practices for wellness (Shatkarma, Asanas, Pranayama, Mudra, Nadaanusandhana).
  • Relevance and importance of Hatha Yoga practices in health and well being. 
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UNIT 3   Yoga  And Health

Introduction to Human Body – Anatomy and Physiology

    • Introduction to Human body.
    • Basic structure and functions of Musculoskeletal  system, Respiratory system, Cardio vascular  system, Nervous system, Digestive system and Endocrine system.
    • Homeostasis: its mechanism to maintain internal environment of the body.
    • Introduction to sensory organs (Eyes, Nose, Ears, Tounge and Skin).
    • Impact of Yogic practices on different systems of the human body: Benefits of Shatkarma, Yogasana, Pranayama and Bandha on Respiratory, Circulatory, Musculoskeletal system.

Introduction to Psychology

    • Introduction to psychology, concept of human psyche, stages of consciousness, cognitive process: Its meaning and nature.
    • Definition and nature of Behavior, kinds of Behavior Motivation.
    • Emotions : definition, nature and physiological changes  during Emotion.
    • Mental Health : Yogic view of Mental Health and Mental Illness.
    • Role of Yoga in Mental Health. Importance of psychosocial environment for health and wellness.

Yoga For Health And Wellness.

    • Yogic concept of health, wellness and illness.
    • Importance of psycho-social environment for health and wellness.
    • Role of Yoga in various dimensions ( physical, mental,social and spiritual) of health.
    • Importance of following Dinacharya and Ritucharya for well being.
    • Role of Ahara, Nidra and Brahmacharya in wellness.

 

Yoga For Disease Prevention And Health Promotion.

    • Meaning and definition of Health and Disease, Concept of Adhi and Vyadhi, Yoga as a preventive Health care- Heyam dukham anagatam.
    • Potential causes of ill –health: Tapatrayas and Kleshas, Mental and Emotional ill Health: Anatrayas.
    • Shuddhi Prakriyas in Yoga and their role in preventive and curative Health.
    • Knowledge of Trigunas, Pancha-Kosha, Pancha-Prana and Shatkchakra and their role in Health and Disease.
    • Yogic concept of Holistic Health and its importance in the management of Diseases. 

 

UNIT 4   Applied Yoga And Education

    • Education: Its meaning, definition and goal, role and importance of education in Human Excellence.
    • Yoga in Education: Salient features of Yoga Education, Factors of Yoga Education: Teacher, Student and Teaching, Guru- Shishya- Parampara and its importance in Yoga Education.
    • Value Education: Its Meaning and Definition, Types of values, value –oriented Education in Personality Development.
    • Contribution of Yoga towards Development of Values, Spiritual Growth.
    • Salient features of Ideal Yoga Teacher, Role of Yoga Teacher in Value-oriented Education, Role of Yoga in development of healthy society.

Yoga For Personality Develompent

    • Personality: Meaning and types of personality.
    • Determinants of Personality with reference to psycho-social environment.
    • Knowledge of various facets and stages of development of personality.
    • Personality   Development;   Role   of   spirituality   and   positive   attitude   in   personality development.
    • Role  of  Yogic  practices  (Asana,  Pranayama,  Shatkarma,  Bandha,  Mudra  etc.)  in  the Personality Development.

Yogic management of stress and its Consequences

    • Definition, nature and types of stress.
    • Symptoms and consequences of stress on human mind.
    • Yogic  perspective  of  stress.  Yogic  principles  for  the  management  of  stress  and  its consequences.
    • Concepts and techniques of Stress management in Ashtanga Yoga of Patanjala Yogasutra and Bhagawad Gita.
    • Specific   practices  for   stress  management:   Yogasana,   Breath   Awareness,   Shavasana, Yoganidra, Pranayama and Meditation.

Yoga for prevention and management of Life Style Disorders

    • Concept of Yogic life style and its relevance.
    • General knowledge about life style related disorders : Acidity , Constipation , Irritable bowel syndrome(IBS), Bronchial Asthma , Sinusitis, Hypertension, Neck pain, Low Backache, Osteo-arthritis etc.
    • Role of Yoga in prevention and management of common disorder: Acidity, Constipation, Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), Bronchial Asthma , Sinusitis, Hypertension, Neck pain, Low Backache, Osteo-arthritis.
    • Role of Yoga in prevention and management of non-communicable disorders.
    • Yoga as an integral medication.
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Yoga Practicals

    • Prayer
      • Concept and Recitation of Pranava
      • Concept and Recitation of Hymns
      • Selected universal prayers, invocations and Nishpatti Bhava.

 

Yogic Shat Karma

      • Neti: Sutra Neti and Jala Neti
      • Dhauti: Vamana Dhauti (Kunjal)
      • Kapalbhati (Vatakrama)

 

Yogic Sukshma  Vyayama and Sthula Vyayama

Yogic Sukshma  Vyayama( Microcirculation Practices)

  • Neck Movement
    • Griva Shakti Vikasaka ( I,II,III,IV)
  • Shoulder Movement
    • Bhuja Valli Shakti Vikasaka
    • Purna Bhuja Shakti Vikasaka
  • Trunk Movement
    • Kati Shakti Vikasaka (I, II, III, IV, V )
  • Knee Movement
    • Jangha Shakti Vikasaka (II-A&B )
    • Janu Shakti Vikasaka
  • Ankle movement
    • Pada-mula shakti Vikasaka – A&B
    • Gulpha-pada-pristha-pada-tala shakti Vikasaka 
Yogic Sthula Vyayama( Macrocirculation Practices)
  • Sarvanga Pushti
  • Hrid Gati (Engine run)

Yogic Surya Namaskara with Mantra
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Yogasana

  • Tadasana, Hastottanasana, Vrikshasana
  • Ardha Chakrasana, Padahastasana
  • Trikonasana, Parshva Konasana, Katichakrasana
  • Dandasana, Bhadrasana, Padmasana, Vajarasana,
  • Yogamudrasana, Parvatasana
  • Mandukasana, Ushtrasana, Shashankasana, Utthana Mandukasana,
  • Paschimottanasana, Purvottanasana
  • Vakrasana, Ardha Matsyendrasana, Gomukhasana
  • Makarasana, Bhujangasana, Salabhasana, Dhanurasana
  • Pavanamuktasana and its variations
  • Uttanapadasana, Ardha Halasana, Setubandhasana, Saral-matsyasana
  • Halasana, Chakrasana
  • Sirshasana

Preparatory Breathing Practices

  • Sectional Breathing (Abdominal, Thoracic and Clavicular Breathing)
  • Yogic Deep Breathing
  • Anuloma Viloma/ Nadi Shodhana


Pranayama

  • Concept of Puraka, Rechaka and Kumbhaka
  • Ujjayee Pranayama (Without Kumbhaka)
  • Sheetali Pranayama (Without Kumbhaka)
  • Sitkari Pranayama (Without Kumbhaka)
  • Bhramari Pranayama (Without Kumbhaka) 
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Concept and Demonstration of Bandha and Mudra


Bandha

    • Jalandhara Bandha
    • Uddiyana Bandha
    • Mula Bandha

Mudra

    • Yoga Mudra
    • Maha Mudra
    • Vipareetakarani Mudra

 

Practices leading to Dhyana Sadhana

    • Body awareness and Breath awareness
    • Yoga Nidra
    • Antanmauna
    • Recitation of Pranava and Sohama
    • Recitation of Hymns
    • Practice of Dhyana

Methods of Teaching & Evaluation

    • Teaching methods with special reference to Yoga
    • Factors influencing Yoga teaching
    • Need of teaching practice and its use in Yogic practice.
    • Teaching Aids : Meaning and Need, Role of Language, Voice, Fluency, Clarity and Body language in an ideal presentation
    • Methods of teaching Yoga to an individual, small group and large group
    • Use of audio-visual aids, ICT, multimedia and online resources
    • Lecture  cum  demonstration  in  Yoga:  Its  meaning,  importance  and  method  of  its Presentation
    • Lesson plan: Its meaning and need
    • Preparation of lesson plan in Yoga, Preparation of lesson plan for an individual and for a group
    • Presentation  of  lessons  in  specific  Yogic  practices:  Kriya,  Asana,  Pranayama,  and Dhyana.
    • Assessment of a Yoga class (detection and correction of mistakes).
    • Measurement, assessment and evaluation: concepts, principles and applications
    • Examination reforms and designing formative and summative evaluation
    • Programme evaluation: Yoga class/ workshops/ camps, yoga teaching, and yoga teacher
    • Assessment of yoga centres and institutes- criteria, processes, instruments, results. 

Book for reference for Theory

1 Goyandka, Harikrishandass  : Yoga Darshan
Geeta Press, Gorakhpur (Samvat 2061).
2 Karel Werner  : Yoga and Indian Philosophy
Motilal Banarasidas.,1975
3 Swami Vivekananda : Jnana Yoga, Bhakti Yoga, Karma Yoga, Raja Yoga
(4separate books) Advaita Ashrama, Kolkata, 2011 & 2012
4 Basavaraddi I. V. and  Pathak, S. P.  : Hathayoga ke Aadhar avam Prayoga (Sanskrit-Hindi),
MDNIY, New Delhi, 2007
5 Sahay G. S.    : Hathayogapradipika
MDNIY, New Delhi, 2013
6 Gita press Gorakhpur    : Shreemad Bhagvadgita
Gita press Gorakhpur, Samvat 2073
7 Quality Council of India  (QCI)   : Yoga professionals Official Guidebook for Level 2
Excel Books, New Delhi 2016
8 Kalidas Joshi and Ganesh  Shankar : Yoga ke Sidhant Evam Abhyas,
Madhya Pradesh Hindigrantha Akadami,Bhopal, 1995
9 Brahmachari Swami  Dhirendra : Yogic Suksma Vyayama,
Dhirendra Yoga Publications, New Delhi, 1986
10 Digambarji Swami and Gharote M.L.   : Gheranda Samhita,
Kaivalyadhama S.M.Y.M. Samiti, Lonavala 1997
11 Sahay G. S.   : Hathayogapradipika
MDNIY, New Delhi, 2013
12 Kalayan  : Upanishads (23rd year Special)
Geeta Press, Gorakhpur
13 Gore M. M.  : Anatomy and Physiology of Yogic Practices,
Kanchana Prakashana, Lonavala, 2004
14 The Sadhaks    : Yoga Therapy,
The Yoga Institute, Santacruz, 2002
15 Swami Karmananda   : Management of Common Diseases,
Bihar Yoga Publication Trust, 2006, Munger
16 Bhogal, R. S    : Yoga and Modern Psychology
Kaivalyadhama , Lonavala
17 Dr. M.L. Gharote  : Applied Yoga,
ACE Enterprises, Madhu Rajnagar, Pune Road, Pune, 2010
18 Prof. Ram Harsh Singh : Yoga and Yogic Therapy
Chaukhambha Subharati Publishers, Varanasi, 2011
19 MDNIY : Yoga Module for Wellness Series (1 to 10)
MDNIY, New Delhi 2011
20 Basavaraddi, I.V. : How to manage Stress through Yoga
MDNIY, New Delhi
21 Robin, M., Nagendra, HR &
Ford-Kohne, N :
Yoga for Common Ailments
Simon & Schuster, UK, 1990
22 Basavaraddi, I. V. & others : Yoga Teachers Manual for School Teachers,
MDNIY, New Delhi, 2010
23 Jayadeva, Yogendra : Cyclopedia Vol I, II, III & IV

Books for Reference for Practicum

1 Brahmachari Swami Dhirendra : Yogic Suksma Vyayama,
Dhirendra Yoga Publications, New Delhi
2 Brahmachari, Swami Dhirendra Yogasana Vijnana,
Dheerendra Yoga Prakashana, New Delhi
3 Iyengar, B. K. S. Light on Yoga,
Harper Collins Publisher, New Delhi, 2005
4 Swami Kuvalyananda Pranayama,
Kaivalyadhama, Lonavla, 1992
5 Saraswati, Swami Satyananda Asana, Pranayama, Mudra, Bandha
Bihar School of Yoga, Munger, 2006
6 Basavaraddi, I.V. A Monograph on Yogic Suksma Vyayama, MDNIY,
New Delhi, 2016
7 Basavaraddi, I.V. A Monograph on Shatakarma,
MDNIY, New Delhi, 2016
8 Basavaraddi, I.V. A Monograph on Yogasana,
MDNIY, New Delhi, 2016
9 Basavaraddi, I.V. A Monograph on Pranayama,
MDNIY, New Delhi, 2016
10 Tiwari O.P. Asana Why & How ?
Kaivalyadhama, SMYM Samiti, Lonavla
11 Basavaraddi, I.V. & Bharti Swami Anant Pratah Smarana
MDNIY, New Delhi, 2016
12 Saraswati, Swami Satyananda Suryanamashkara
Bihar School of Yoga, Munger, 2006
13 Joshi K.S. Yogic Pranayama
Orient Paperbacks, New Delhi 2009
14 Quality Council of India (QCI) Yoga professionals Official Guidebook for level 2
Excel Books, New Delhi 2016
15 Basavaraddi, I. V. & others Yoga Teachers Manual for School Teachers,
MDNIY, New Delhi, 2010
16 Gharote, M.L. Teaching Methods for Yogic practices,
Kaivalyadhama Ashram, Lonavla
17 Iyengar, B.K.S Yoga Shastra (Vol-I & II) Ramamani Iyenger Memorial
Yoga, Institute, Pune YOG, Mumbai
18 Goel, Aruna Yoga Education Philosophy & Practices
Deep & Deep Publication, New Delhi
19 Stephens, Mark Teaching Yoga, Essential Foundation & Techniques,
North Astantic Books, California
20 Duggal, Styapal Teaching Yoga,
The Yoga Institute, Santacruz, Bombay, 1985
21 Ramdev, Swami Pranayama Rahasya
22 Ravi Shankar, Sri Sri Upanishad, Vol. I